A mechanic who works from copper and sheet metal to fabricate
and install various products, i.e. copper roofing, flashings,
Cornice: A horizontal molding
that projects along the top of a wall, building, etc.; a projecting,
decorative strip above a window.
Course: A single horizontal
row of shingles.
Cupola: A light structure
on a dome or roof serving as a belfry, lantern, or belvedere.
Dormer: A window set upright
in a sloping roof; the roofed projection in which this window
Eave: The lower horizontal
edge or edges of a roof.
Fascia: A flat horizontal
band or member between moldings, specifically along the horizontal
surface directly below the roof’s eave.
Finial: An ornamental feature,
generally located at the end of a gable, pinnacle, etc.
Flashing: Metal (or other
material) used to weatherproof joints, edges, etc., where
roofing intersects with a vertical surface, i.e., side-walls,
Gable: Triangular wall enclosed
by the sloping ends of a ridged roof.
Gable Roof: A ridged roof
forming a gable at each end. Also known as an "up and over."
Gutter: A trough along the
eaves to catch, collect and move, rainwater.
Hip Roof: A four-sided roof
meeting in hips (sloping ends and sides).
Leader (downspout): Vertical
pipe used to drain water from a roof.
Leader head: Ornamental
catch-basin located at the top of some leaders.
Patina: A fine film developing
on bronze or copper-usually green or greenish-blue-formed
by natural oxidation and often valued for its ornamental quality.
Pitch: Referring to the
slope of a roof plane.
Ridge: The horizontal line
formed at a roof's peak, by the meeting of its two sloping
surfaces. Standing-seam copper roofing: Method of copper roofing
installation (used on 4"+ pitch applications) whereby long
vertical sections of copper are joined together with a locked
Flat-seam copper roofing:
Method of copper roofing installation (used on 4"- pitch applications)
whereby square and rectangular panels of copper are fitted
and locked together into a "flat seam" which is then soldered.
Slate: A naturally occurring
stone that is mined before being hand formed into dense and
long-lasting roofing shingles.
Soffit: The flat/horizontal
surface underside of an eave, cornice, etc.
Solder: A tin/lead amalgamation
used for joining or patching metal.
Tile: A shingle formed from
glazed or unglazed fired clay, stone or concrete, used for
roofing, flooring, etc.
Underlayment: Paper or rubberoid
weather barrier installed to directly to sheathing, beneath
Valley: Section of flashing
where two (sloping) roof planes intersect.
Weathering slate: Slate
shingles which gradually change color (weathering) when in
contact with the elements.